Andy Warhol And Simulacra Building the 21st Century

When is a minibook…not a minibook?…When it is a similacrum…

This minibook is supposedly about Andy Warhol…Actually this is a reality that has almost nothing to it….What is real is that this minibook presents the ideas of a French philosopher, Jean Baudrillard…However, his ideas have little to do with reality…except as they can be interpreted to apply to circumstances which he in no way would be associated with…For him, modern life is as empty of meaning as Warhol’s soup can….yet when we look to develop a science that help us build the 21st century…we see that the social sciences exemplify his ideas…as they are similacra riding upon and over a reality that now needs to be addressed…that humans are animals and that the science of man and woman…should be on a continuum with the biological and physical sciences….

ANDY WARHOL

AND SIMULACRA

Building the 21st Century

by

Frank W. Andres

© Copyright, Frank W. Andres, 2020. All Rights Reserved.

Dedicated to Avalon

This is a Minibook…..Instead of expressing an idea and then blowing the number of pages up, up towards three hundred just so we can charge $25 as is currently the fashion, we are presenting the kernel of an idea….in the hopes that ideas can be transmitted more rapidly and breakthroughs can occur now, not next century. There is a fifty percent chance that humanity will not make it through this century….it is important that we make as much progress as fast as we can…so as to avoid an untimely demise.

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Introduction

First, a spoiler alert…this minibook is not really…about Andy Warhol… well…exclusively…although he becomes the protagonist, the champion in this story…So in that aspect…this minibook…is not really…well, real…it is a simulacrum…pretending…to stage a grand spectacle….that of…combating an allegedly false thesis…of a Conspiracy of Art….The truth is…there seems that there was…no conspiracy…and there was is…art… though it be a soup can!Well, Jean Baudrillard… would be proud…as well, he should…for this minibook is…well, do you believe any of this now?…is actually a tribute of sorts…to Baudrillard and not Warhol….if by tribute, one means…that he was completely wrong in every sense that he thought he was right…yet….he was so right in ways….he never seemed to think about….in important ways…that will be crucial to the saving of humanity…during a portentous….twentieth-first century…

Andy Warhol and the Age of Mass Consumption

Yep…The Age of Mass Consumption…with those words right there…we start our story…yep…with W.W. Rostow…and the Stages of Economic Growth…. Because if there are those of you who may not remember…or were not yet alive…it is then necessary to tell you…that the 1950s and 1960s…were in spite of what a postmodernist might have told you…this period in history was… of an unique nature….These were the richest decades in the history of man and womankind…and the United States was the richest country on earth….so of course, some of those who were alive then…would have noticed these facts at the time…Postmodern philosophers dismiss these decades as being mere ‘modern’ years…years of reaction to the previous ‘content’ ‘Enlightenment’ centuries….Yes, I know..some people would not dismiss the 50s and 60s so easily…Yet there are those who have..and the latter…have written a lot of malarkey….

Oh, I know…those rich decades were gone in a blink of an eye…almost as abruptly as they had started…they quickly disappeared in a pile of Far and Middle Eastern conflicts, moonshots, savings and loans failures…and ultimately Twin Tower demolitions….Yet Mr. Baudrillard saw this whole time in this way…the whole time can be summed up as being pretty much nothing…that whole period immediately after World War II he feels can be symbolized by Andy Warhol and his soup can…Yep…Warhol was Baudrillard’s hero…because B felt that that whole period after the war was not all that great…in fact, in so many ways it disappeared from view…reality became nothing…and an entire virtual, media-saturated and commoditized world replaced it…as is symbolized by Andy Warhol….and his soup can…

‘The Conspiracy of Art’…Andy Warhol…what was this all about? Well, first..for those who may not know about Andy Warhol…he was the person who painted the image of a soup can…and declared…that his painting…was art!….Mr. B loved that man from that moment on…Baudrillard devoted almost all of his career to what that soup can…represented…what it meant to Western society….to the world…One of the most important books that Mr. B wrote was The Conspiracy of Art...because that is where things…really really started…for B’s thinking…for his philosophy… the book that all the rest of his piles and piles of words emanated from….although that book seldom shows up in a bibliography about Baudrillard…What is wrong with B;s thinking and his philosophy in general…is symbolized by what was focused upon in that book…a soup can….

Baudrillard, was a world-renowned French theorist,…Well, we’ll come back to what in the heck a postmodernist is….well, was…they are gone now…almost without a trace…so much for all of that nonsense!…But for now…we may revisit all that busyness in words, all that yelling and screaming…with some recompense…Yes…in some respects, postmodernism seems to be mostly about a bunch of English professors…who placed too much importance upon words…that is, upon words themselves… They understood that a word is a symbol for a thought… yet they thought there was more…that is, where there are piles of words…there actually are piles of thoughts…all of which were are buried beneath the symbols of the words…buried there when the words were written…the buried part becomes a sort of ‘unconscious’ that is dragged along with the words… dragged along by conversation, written or otherwise…Thus, archaeology, that is, delving into the understrata of verbiage…is necessary to really understand what a person is trying to communicate…and yes, as you probably anticipated… there was the insinuation that such embedded meaning was often dragged along… without the communicator really understanding what in the heck…he or she is was actually talking or writing about…So when one comes up with a historical thesis, for example…for why Europe was able to arise from the Middle Ages and dominate the world…well, a postmodernist would probably say that the writer must remember a few things…for example, when the historian uses the word ‘money’…it is not merely a word…it can be loaded with underlying meaning…like this…some historians would think like this…When humans were released from a tribal context and became Marxist exploiters…they were by nature… bourgeois capitalists….Well, being such…naturally they would want to dominate, exploit, ravage savage unfortunate people around the world… In thus manner…money can become a symbol of this dominance this savagery…In this way…’.money’ which is just a word…which corresponds to a paper and coin reality…can become a word…with an embedded meaning of savagery beneath it…See…this is just an example of this way of thinking…

Baudrillard has an elaborate theory…but it consists mostly of an array of words…impressive in its extent…but words within this array seem to pop up almost at random yet in a miraculous manner just at the right time… to save the day and dominate any discussion that might be occurring….

But Andy Warhol is a great topic to address when understanding Baudrillard…because Warhol is not so much an artist in B’s opinion…he is an example of B’s theories in action…W actually ‘proves’ with a real life and real action what B has been espousing ever since…When all is said and done…and I do mean all!…B sort of admires W…B ecause W has outwitted us all…by doing…absolutely….nothing….

Why English professors? The same reason that mathematicians have taken over physics…The right side of the brain has been excluded from participation in intellectual activities…I have a 200 I.Q. right side of the brain…the Wechsler-Bellevue measures that side…but no one seems to care…the right side..simply does not exist…or at least…don’t worrry honey…the left side…has it all covered…The fact is…the left side is an expert in nothing…all concepts…come from the right side…and after 150 years of no right side…we are running out of concepts…we are left with mostly…words, and words and mathematics….The left side is mathematics… deduction… built …out of nothing…all of mathematics can be deduced from φ… that’s right…it can all be created out of nothing…because the left side of the brain…has that form stuff…in it…mathematics just duplicates that physiology …of that side of the brain…duplicates its biological operations in signs and words….The right side of the brain, on the other hand…notices similarity….instantly and can come up with hunches, hypotheses instantly because it has seen stuff before…The world is missing that stuff……Physicists are using concepts one hundred and fifty years old….Our universities look for the left side of the brain…they are screening the right side out…in admission practices…in the classroom…in access to publishing….Postmodernism is was just …a symptom of all that….

So of course, English teachers…because without new concepts…one is left…with merely a war of words…or at least a pile…of words…The problem is…in the end it is concepts which change the world…not words….Actually both sides working together create civilization…They always have…from the very first when they met from two directions…in the Middle East…

Andy Warhol and the American Dream

So let us loo0k at B’s W…and see why postmodernism had its moment and then suddenly was naked in its absence of relevance to world problems…

There is a fifty percent chance that humanity is not going to make it through this century…and a major reason is the impotence of our universities….

So let us begin to change this….What is the situation…and what can be done?

Jean Baudrillard and Andy Warhol…is missing the obvious fact that Warhol was an artist…he was a concept artist… A soup can…possesses meaning…W, of course, was commenting upon American society…Art was dead in the U.S….because art is always striving to exalt the viewer or listener…striving to turn the viewers mind toward either a Cosmic ideal…like Beauty…or toward a plant/animal ideal…like a better future…..The idea of Beauty and other ideals…come from the Cosmic sphere to us…because there is something in our brain that possesses that kind of information…if we wish to notice it….Like Sophocles in his plays…art can turn our heads upward to look at the greatest and best… the most exalted thought…The idea of a better future comes from the plant/animal world we live in…survival of the fittest and all that…it comes from the perspective of a past… Throughout history there has been the desire for a better future because for most of history and for most people always…the present was is not good….hope has been always focused upon the future…Better days…were always in the future…Okay…but now… things were different! The U.S. had done it!… It had attained material girl!…the American Dream!…The 1950s and 60s were the richest two decades in the history of woman and manman……Yes…it was true…But if there is one truth in history….it is….Once a populace is happy…culture suffers…Once Great Britain experienced Industrial Revolution…pow!… suddenly the Habsburg Empire along with the Russian aristocracy were the only hold outs against mediocrity…they were the only ones still fighting for culture. The rest of the Western world… including Napoleon …were racing for riches for a materialistic world…when where all of this brought art…was to a new place…Art now became smug and celebratory…there was a loss of ideals in Cosmic truth but also in plant/animal truths like a better world is ahead…formally seen in golden bright sunrises and clashes at sea of Cosmic Power and Beauty… or a glorious future when religion would produce its continual promise and promise and promise…with its forever mediaeval gaze and grace…focused on a future…when the resurrection when the glories of a Rome would reappear…

Then pow!!! All of a sudden.. darkness was gone! Art now was dead!…as it had lost hope, expectation, and aesthetic ideal…Such things simply were no longer…required….In its place came… ideal…become real!…In art’s place…in the place of culture… came… corporations, cubicals, suburbs, square miles of machinery… and a wonder whirl of commodities to buy…including art…When it came to culture…all that was left…was a soup can…

What is was Postmodernism?

So what is Postmoderism?…What is Modernism?…All of this has been confusing for me…so let us see what all of this …is about…

There are four stages of history that the French philosophers in the last part of the 20 century were concerned about…

First is what I call…Modernism…Economics…

Well, I am an economic historian among other things…and for such a scholar the most important epoch in the history of humanity were the 18th and 19th centuries…when Great Britain experienced Industrial Revolution during the period 1760-1790…and then the United States experienced its Industrial Revolution 100 years later…1860-1890….we always use capital letters here…at least in our minds…for a reason…These dates for the economic historian are more than just important times in the history of human beings…they are the most important periods in the history of mankind….period!…It is when man and woman rose from the depths of the Dark Ages into the glories of modern life…all in a very short time…..Only the Egyptian Pharaohs and the Roman Empire in antiquity even come close to the magnificence of these later bursts of economic activity…so glorious were they that the great conception we have of ourselves as human beings come from these years…the greatness that Napoleon represented before he became just another wannabe world conqueror…the greatness displayed in Beethoven’s Third Symphony…the greatness we all feel as humans… comes from our listening to such great music…

The French philosophers dismiss these centuries as the ‘content’ centuries…the ‘Enlightenment’ centuries…the ‘dialectical materialist’ centuries

…the time of ‘great syntheses displayed by the great German scholars of the 19th century… with scarcely a word about the magnificence of accomplishment of these times….

Let us wander further… unto the next stage…which I call…

Modernism…Literature and the Arts….which occupies the years…World War I to around 1960…

Supposedly, according to the French philosophers…World War I was such a shock to all…the great economic achievements of the preceding centuries was finally acknowledged…Yes those times were great…but…the sole importance of those great economic centuries apparently is….that they resulted in the horror of World War I…Yes indeed there was great power generated by those great economies…And look! ..iIn the end it was all focused upon war and destruction…. which of course led to anger and reaction on the part of artists of every type…and one could add…physicists and psychoanalysts also…with quantum mechanics and the discovery of the unconscious….So take that!…you terrible warfare!…

Actually, World War I for most historians had two important aspects…it was the last great fight against modernity by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Russian Empire, and the Ottoman Empires….these three empires fell before the great new imperial Empire of the British…with a little help at the end from the U.S…..For Gads sake…these empires were devoted to perpetuating the Middle Ages, aristocracy and servitude in the face of the great economic explosions that had occurred in the 18th and 19th century…Is there any reason anyone would desire to perpetuate a Dark Age? These empires wanted us to remember that the Middle Ages were not all bad…Look at the magnificent culture that the Middle Ages produced…The empires of the 19th century account for most of the great music ever written, some of the greatest books, opera, ballet…and these were for the most part the result of patronage of rich aristocrats …proof of the grandeur of aristocratic culture in the face of great economic achievements which the empires felt were threatening the greatest culture of mankind…

The second thing the war and its aftermath represented was the spread of energy from those two economic revolutions into every corner and aspect of life of Europe…War was not just an opposing reaction to the rise of great economies…Germany wanted the same thing…As for art…exuberance from great economic achievement moved into literary and other artistic realms….If man and woman could would wreak such magnificence economically then surely they could amaze the world with other achievements also….in these endeavors some progress was made…but one has to admit they pale in comparison with the power of Enlightenment physics and economic revolution…I mean the arts were already at great heights…and so post-war culture gave us James Joyce, Picasso, Stravinsky?…these were indeed great experiments in the various arts… but that is what they were….experiments aborted partial… and unsatisfactory for the most part…they are called modernism…And too…the market had changed…art became secondary in importance…as I have said…it no longer meant anything…for example, paintings became part of interior design…I call this the first great reaction to the economic modernism…and it left us with unsatisfying results… even in physics…which left science in such disarray that nothing of much consequence has been done since 1925…Yes, cyclotrons have given us a menagerie of particles…and we have a bomb that can blow up the world….but blasting atoms apart left us with debris that gives us no clue as to how nucleii are constructed or how they operate…instruments are too weak to measure things too small and too fast…little of importance has been done since in this sphere….

Most of these exciting things…these ‘modern’ things…such as they were… were accomplished before World War II…the latter was a real shocker for scholarship and the arts….Man and woman’s great minds had shown such promise…and now the complete force of these developments was mustered to wage world war, death, and destruction… the likes of which can never be matched again except by total earth destruction….which we are quite capable of now…It was not a proud moment….If the two world wars can be summed up another way…it was the movement away from the Middle Ages for sure…but it was also the story of a Germany who was left out…the right side of the brain again…which had made great contributions during the 19th century in geography, philosophy and in scholarship, in general…and now desired to emulate those two industrial revolutions…but they had no resources…Russia was the same in that both looked at several Slavic countries between them as possible slave states…You see, economic revolution requires resources…Great Britain had that empire…the U.S. had almost an entire continent to utilize… anyone else was out of luck…unless they could work together or…just take over a lot of other folks…In the end, Communist Russia won the day…winning the Slavic countries for a while…after all…were they not,…the number one Slavic country!…Russia actually became the first country to develop economically in an artificial and successful way…that could be admired and emulated by others subsequently… Here is Rostow again…he developed the handbook for artificially induced economic development…Just look at what China has been able to do!

In general, the period between World War II and 1960 was the richest time in the history of the world…and the United States was the richest country… and this wealth was based upon one commodity…oil….As I have said…this great blast of economic activity lasted two decades 1950-1960…which did several things…It gave ordinary people country estates in suburbs worthy of nobility of old… with mechanical servants…It made concrete and manifested completely the American Dream…One could not imagine more to be required…well, at least for a tiny number of people in the world… However, there were problems…the children of these fortunate people became disillusioned by materialism…if this is what the Dream was about…it was a bad dream…so much of goodness and quality was missing…basic needs were met…sure…but there was alienation…and lack of meaning in life…and culture…we are back to the soup can….

Which leads directly to the next important French philosopher stage…

PostModernism….Thence came the next stage of intellectual thought… It was the second reaction to economic development…however, it concentrated on what was wrong with the 1950s and 1960s… particularly with the fact that countries like France had pretty much been shut out of the the highest heights of this rich age…two-thirds of the world was still nomadic, in the Stone Age for the most part…and Europe was in Great Britain and the U.S.’s shadow….Well, Britain…had fallen…greatly…still the U.S. held on to its closest ally… both were one thing…Britain could still feel good about itself…Still, so many were left out…and yes…there was little culture of high quality…

Also something else happened…now that man and womankind was at the highest level ever…universities felt that they had the secrets of life…and one secret they felt they possessed was that analytical work by the left side of the brain…was what had made all this magnificence possible….the right side of the brain was shut out of all contributions….Yes, it was a century that saw a moon shot and the iphone…but in general, great strides in intellectual thought…save for the Beatles… were coming in fewer and fewer numbers…. there were more and more critical analytical pickings over the meager right hemispheric concepts remaining… with fewer and fewer benefits to be had…Without new syntheses and conceptualization …intellectual thought seemed to be just more and more words piled high high upon the other without any real progress in thought or science….

Post-PostModernism…well, this period may not exist…it is primarily an expressed dissatisfaction with the lack of progress made by the postmodernists …and very little has been done to contribute to a next step….to anything that might ameliorate a bleak and dismal situation….There is terrorism…related mostly to the fact that two-thirds of the world…has nothing!..On top of this, the century of oil smashed the earth with a carbon imprint!…If Sophocles were here today…he would write a play..Edifice Wrecks…it would be a story of how man and woman are threatening to murder their Mother….Earth…It would be promoted in the modern manner….Global Warming!. .. Death and Destruction!!!….The Musical! With Greek chorus!

What needs to be done looms before us….The 21st century needs to be built…and little of importance was done in the century of oil before it…

There is a fifty percent chance that humanity with its civilization will not survive this century…and two decades have already elapsed!…Things must be done fast!…The right side of the brain needs to be identified in people, developed… and right and left need to work together quickly to build the new…We need 10 times as much energy, we need ten times as many goods to feed and provision a world….We need to end all wars, terrorism. We need the rise of a powerful world government to guide, encourage, exhort…fight Corona viruses…Instead of a post post anything…we need transition we need transformation…And we need it now.!..We need a new science, a new scientific method, and we need a new vision of what the future might look like…if humanity can make it through this century…n one piece….

Jean Baudrillard and Simulacra

Well, we have seen how B was mistaken when it came to W…and we know that the postmodernists are gone…they left almost without a trace…so we could end the minibook here…but let’s not….I think we can salvage a bit from what Mr. B tried to give us….Let us look at his idea of simulacrum and see if it can be useful in our building the 21st century.

Baudrillard begins with a fable from Jorge Luis Borges…Supposedly an emperor had a map drawn of his conquered lands…the map was to be exactly coextensive…cover his empire exactly inch by inch…an exact replica overlain upon the first…it would grow and wither as conquests succeeded or failed….In the end all was lost…all that remained…were a few shredded remnants of the map…traces left in a nomadic desert….

Baudrillard claims that this fable depicts Western history with this alteration…there is of a map duplicating reality every inch…however, instead of map and reality both retreating to nothing…a surprising half reversal has occurred…the map has remained at its utmost extension…whereas reality…has withdrawn…leaving only the map and few traces of the real in some far off desert wastelands…

What is B talking about?…Well, in terms of culture, we have seen that the need for art in its traditional role has declined with the ascendancy of Western economies…there is no longer an acute need for visual or other renderings of aesthetic ideals from the Cosmic sphere…or visions of a brighter future from the plant animal sphere….Economic revolution has provided all that fantasy, illusion can conjure… and so much more…so when it comes to culture…we are left with geometric lines, auditory noise and screeches…and a soup can…

In addition to the desiccation and desecration of art…reality itself has withdrawn from people’s lives…Culture is dead….but in addition, human connection has been replaced by electronic connection…the senses all perception has been replaced by ‘fake news’ a fantasy media that is replacing reality…and advertising of commodities that blankets our hours…constantly, relentlessly bombarding people with a fabrication bordering on propaganda…no, more like brainwashing… altering people’s minds by psychological techniques reducing their ability to think rationally, critically, independently…reducing their ability to think at all…with the insertion of new, unwanted thoughts and ideas in their minds as well as changing their attitudes, values, and beliefs…In this way…peoples thoughts and social interactions are saturated replaced by electronics and brainwashing…such that there is no authentic reality left in people’s lives…only a replacement…a hyperreality…a mirror which reflects nothing real…only things from other mirrored surfaces…which are equally as unreal…

In addition, people’s lives are filled with an artificial world of commodities…cans, processed nature, packages containing objects that bear no relation to nature…they become what is written on the packages…

Of course there is a problem beyond what B mentions…metropolitan areas are organisms….they have the configurations of molds…reality for humans has evolved backwards to the unicellular, humans lives are lost in mechanical systems and intricacies…there is alienation from other humans everywhere… all relations with artificial electronic and mechanical enmeshing… isolation of solitary residences in suburban peripheries of metallic glass and concrete organism…any all natural reality is gone…any Marxist supposition of people separated from what they create, from each other, from value earned by their labor…all of this is replaced by relations dictated organizationally and spatially by systems of machines and bureaucracy….That is, in the end…there is a reality…but it has no relationship to human biology…and because we are biological creatures…we have lost all reality that is important to the fibers of our being…

Simulacra and the 21st Century

The truth is…we are biological creatures…and that is the reality that B has forgotten…The metropolitan areas although they are alienating and less and less compatible with our physiology and our well-being…they nevertheless are organic living things…and evolution …well, development of machines is slowly moving towards a separation of humans from this artificial life…soon there will be mechanized cities which will need only a handful of people to run them…The question then..will be what will humans do?…

To answer this question and to take positive steps towards the future…we must first accept one irrefutable fact…One that has been difficult for humans to accept…that we are indeed animals…Yep…it’s true…and now we know which animal we are…from DNA…We know that we are 99 percent the same as a chimpanzee…We are an exotic chimpanzee…one that creates tools…just as a fish may swim in river waters and eat algae…or a tiger may prowl the jungle and eat monkeys…Humans prowl the lands, create tools, and are able to survive in a host of habitats…Tools are our signature when it comes to our biological nature…and to our difference from other animals…Tools do not make us non-animals…we are not something completely different…We are animals that exhibit different behaviors from most other animals…because of our minds…well, our brains….This is the reality!…And we have been living in a simulacrum regarding our lives from the birth of civilization…because a strange wondrous thing has occurred… Humans have developed created tools as part of their biological nature…but these tools have gone from being mere supplements to daily activities…Tools have become so numerous, powerful, and world embracing that man and woman have created a new world…a second world…in which they are enmeshed…inextricably inserted and entwined…well, for the moment…for now…The machines have reached a stage…that they are able to perform almost entirely on their own..with few people involved…hopefully in charge….This world is separate from man and womankind…it is not a simulacrum of nothing…it is just a pile of our tools…We are able to return to a world of nature again… back to living and creating in clusters, bands of humanity again…both are most consistent with our physiology…The shift from one world to another…has now begun…and will accelerate tremendously… as man and woman start concentrating on activities more in line with what they can do…that machines are unable to do…that is, create!….What would a world like this look like…I have attempted to conjure an image of this future world in my book… Omicron Bue.

Science and Simulacra

We shall need a new science to build the 21st century…Technological progress has been impressive in tiny slivers of electronic activity…in general, any progress regarding man and woman has been frozen…and much of science is halted by lack of instruments that measure things too tiny or too fast….We need a new science and a new scientific method…these are provided in my book…Man and the Cosmos…The Science of Everything...

The breakthroughs in biology regarding DNA necessitate that changes be made in the science of man and woman, to make this science consistent with them. When these changes are made, a revised science of man and woman promises to be more useful than it has been in the past. When these changes are made, it will be possible to integrate the disciplines into one science of man and woman…all with the same terminology and methodology. It will be possible to start integrating the science of man and woman with biology and with all the other disciplines in the university curriculum…Man and woman will finally have a scientifically valid place…in the Cosmos….a capital letter here…alludes to a universe filled….with consciousness…

When you examine the social sciences and begin to rebuild them…one realizes that there were two worlds in these different disciplines…like what Mr. B was talking about…and what he may have been somehow a part of…. In economics..it is most evident…A dollar moves one direction, a good moves the other direction…The discipline of economics now follows the money flows and consequently the discipline becomes static and partial….If one looks at the other flow..the goods flow…then one sees the animal at work…the creative animal with his and her goods moving the world…in spatial patterns, dynamics, logic from raw materials to final products…a dynamic display and movement of man and woman’s tools upon the land….In this way all of the social sciences have been simulacra…they have purposely been avoiding a reality!…They have become artificial constructs one level away from the reality… of the biological animal at work,,…

Philosophy becomes looking at the human brain from the inside out…in a metaphorical but empirical manner….It was the first discipline to collapse into biology…for me…When that happened…the rest, psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics and eventually, theology… followed more easily…..

Therefore, it is time to place the social sciences upon a biological base. Man and woman must now be considered to be on a continuum with the rest of the Cosmos. In my book, Man and the Cosmos…each social science is encountered in logical order…in the order of a story teller…as Descartes has advocated…from the disciplines which explore the mind and the things that are most clear and distinct to that mind…outwards to the disciplines which examine the relationships of man and woman to other people… out, out into the external world…to consider the fifth dimension and relativity..and ultimately to God…and the outermost reaches of the Cosmos. In each case, the emphasis is upon the examination of human mental, technological, economic, and cultural activity… in the way, in the manner a scientist would examine the activities of any other species of animal. With this goal in mind…with a new science…and a new scientific method…and a new, real conception of who we really really really are…we may now begin, right here, right now…We may now begin to build… the 21st century!

THE END

dont talk if we dont have something to say…a mediocre painter paints a moutain…a great paingter paints…an idea!

Pretension of art..In the Conspiricy of Art b questions the privilege attended to art by its practitioners…Art has lot all desire for illusion, feeding back endlessly into itself, it has turned its own vanishment into an art unto itself….they hide behind their own nullity and behind the metasteses of the discourse ona rt…which generously promostes this nullity as valeu…to great value at times…it would seem…In a way, it is worse than nothing because it means nothing…and it nonethe less exists…providing itself with all the right reasons to exist….corporations rich countries medicore art and culoture…

the masses in general resist culgture…all efforts made for a radial mobilizatrion of the masses are useless…the masses resist enlightenment, education modernity..but they want all the benefits of science…

only form can cancel out value.contrenoirart art us tge art if cikkytuisb nerekt oretebdubg ti sybvert ab irder tgat was ub fact uts iwb,,,politicians in Farnce no longer know who they are, and intelletuals dont know either..its a drift into the void, each one tring to replacde the other..In the Conspiracy of Art you dismiss art’s cliam for exceptionalism by now it is no different from everything else…it all about vlues, careers, accumulaton, consumerism on a huge scale art is about inventing another scne, inventing something other than reaity..for art, reality is nothing ideal Cosmos..future plant?animal ideal…art used to address reality…a bouquet nude nnature tut not a coup can…it cold have been an exquistiely formed and pasteled soup can..but of course itwasnt and that is the point..utilizty more imporatnt than ideal or idea…little joy and happeiness just material wealth all the attention diverted dsires supposedly satiated supposedly we deserve and ar geiven the ‘good’ life

and all die from diabetes aethetc [principlet..just like fashion art fashion same lgic no longer art as its own medium which is to exhalt empower as it does women…art died with Duchamp and warholmodern aert projectre itself into the future it was the avant-garde…no richest time in the hsitory of the world cant complain..

cant just criticize need new tools then a new vision a world the tools can build

What is Postmodernism?

So what is Postmoderism?…What is Modernism?…All of this has been confusing for me…so let us see what all of this …is about…

There are four stages of history that the French philosophers in the last part of the 20 centtury were concerned about…

First is what I call…Modernism…Economics…

Well, I am an economic historian among other things…and for such a scholar the most imporatn epoch in the history of humanity were the 18th and 19th centureis…when Great Britain experienced Industrial revoltuion during the period 1760-1790…and then the United Statere experienced its industrial revoution 100 years later…1860-1890….these for the economic historian were more than just important times in the history of hyuman beings…they are the most important periods…period…it is when man and woman rose from the depths of the Dark Ages into the glories of modern life…in a very short time….only the Egyptian pharoahs and the Roman Empire in antiquity even come close to the magnificence of these later bursts of economic acitivtity…

so glorious were they that the great conception we have of ourwelves as human being come from these years…the gratness the napoleon represented before he beame just another wannabe world conqueror…the geatness displayed in Beethovens Third symphony…the greatness we all feel as humans come from our listening to such great msuic…

The French philosphers dismiss these centuries as the ‘content’ centuries…the Enlightenment centuries…dialectical materialist cnturies…

the time of ‘great synthese displayed by the great German scholars of the 19th century with scarcely a word about the magnificence of accomplishment of thsse times….

Modernism…lieterature and the arts….Wolrd War I to around 1960…

Supposedly according the French philsosophers…World War I was such a shock to all…the great economic achievements of the preceding centureis fresulted in the horror of World War I…where the powe of the geat eocnomies was focused upon war and destruction….which led to reaction on the part of atists of every type…and one could add…physicists and psychoanalysts also…

with quantum mechanics and the discovery of the unconsious….

Acutally World War I for most historiasns had two imporatnt aspects…it was the last great fight against modernity byh the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the russian Empire, and the Ottoman Epres….these three empires were devoted to perpetuating the Middle Ages, aristtocracy and servitude in the face of the great economci explosions that had occurred in the 18th and 19th century…we have to remember that the 19th century accounts for most of the great music ever written, some of the geatest books…and these were for the msot part the result of patronage of rich aristocrats seeking to show the grandeur of aristocratic culture in the face of great economic achievements which they felt were threatening gthe greatest achievements of mankind…

the second thing this era represented was exhuberance from great economic achievement moving into literary and other atistic realms….if man and woman would wreak such magnificence eonomcally then surely they could amaze the world with other achievements also….in these endeavors some progess was made…but one has to admit they pale in comparison witn the power of Enlightment phsycs abd eonomic revolution…James Joyce, Picasso,

Stravnsky, displayed great experiemtns in the vaiious arts but that is what they were….expeiemnts that were aborted and parial and unsatisfactory for the most part…they are called modernism…i call them the firs5t great action to the economic modernism…and it left us with unsatifying results even in phsyics…which left science in such disarray that nothing of much consequend has been done since 1925…yest cycotorans found a managerie of particles…but blasting atoms apart left us with particles that give no clue as to how nuceii are formed or how they operate…insturments ae too week to measure things too small and too ffasst…liffelt of improtnace has been one since in this sphere….

Most of the excditing things were done before World War II…the latter was a real shocker for scholarship and the arts….man and womns geat minds had shown such promise…and now the complete force of these devleopments were utilized to wage world war, death and destruction the likes of which can never be matched again except by total world destruction….it was not a proud moment….ithe two world wars can be summed up another way…it was the movment away from the Middle Ages for sure…but it was also the story of a Gemany who was begin left behind…a right hemispehric domainant ationwhich ahd made great contributions duringt the 19th centurey in geography, philsoohy and in shcolarhip in general…and now desired to emulate the other two industrial revolutions…but they had no resources…russia was the same..both looked at seveal Slavic coutries between them a possktble salve states that could render either of them the third great economic reoblution….in the end Commnist russia won the day…winning the slv ic countreis for a while and bedomein the first countiry to devleop eonomically ins an artifical and successful way…that could be admired and emjulated others subsequently…notable china in the last past of the 20th century….

In general the period between World War II and 1960 was the richest time in the history of the world…and the unites Sataes was the richest country and this wealth was based upon one commodity…oil….this great blast of eocnoic acitirby lasted two decades 1950-19560s…whih did severalt hings…it gave people country estates in suburbs worthy of noblepeople of old with mechanical servants…it made concrete and it manifested completely the Aemrican Dream…one could not imagine moe to be rqired for at leat a tiny number of people in the world…however, there were problems…the childtren of these fotnagte poele became disilluseioned by materialism…it this is what the Dream was about…it was a bad dream…so muc of goodness and quality was missing…there was alienation…and lack of meaning in life

Postmodenism….Thence came the next stage of intellecdtal thought…which concentrated on what was wrong with the 1950s and 1960s…particularly with the fact theat other coutnries like France had pretty much been shut out of the the heighest heights of this rich age…two thirds of the world was still somadic and in the stoneage for the most part…and erope was in Geat Briain and the ujs ‘s shadow….there was little culture of hgigh quality…

Also something else happened…now that mankind was at the highest level ever…univdesites felt that they had the secfets of life…and one secret they felt they possessed was that analytical work by the left side of the brain…was what had made all this previous magnificcence possible….the rgiht side of the brain was shut out of all contributitons..in a century that saw a moon hot and the iphone…but in genral geat strides in intellectual thoght were doming in fewer and fewer nmbers….gther was more and more critical analytical pickings over tehe right hemiperic contribjutions that had come befoe with fewer and few bnefits to be had…witou new synthese and conceptualization to be had….inteledtual thought seemed to be just more and more words piled high upon the other without any real progress in thought or science….

Post-post modernism…well, this period may not exist…it is primarily an expessed dissatisfaction with the lack of progress made by the post modernists…and very ittle has been done to conribute to a next step…to naything that might ameliorate a bleak and dismal situation….

What needs to be done looms before us….the 21 centruy needs to be buildt…wtih little of importance done in the century of oil before it…

there is a fifty perc ent chace that humanity with its civilization will not survive this centruy…and two decdaes habve alerady elasped…things just5 be odne fiast…the right side of the brain need to be identifyed in people devleoped and righ and left need to work together quickly to bild the the new…we need 10 timesa as much energy, we need ten times as much good

we need an end to wars, terorism.the rise of a powerful wrld governent to gjukide and enocurage exhort…foret a post osst anything…we need gtransitionno we need transformation…and we need it now…we need a new science, a new scientifci method and we need new vfision of what the future might look like…if humanity can make it thorugh this century…n tack….

Jean Baudrillard and Postmodernism

let us look at wikipedia to see what it says about postmodernims…and then we can see how Baudrillard fits into all of this….

Postmodernism in Western philosophy was a late 20th century movement characterized by broad skepticism, subjectivism, or relativism…a general suspicion of reason…an accute sensitivity to the role of ideology in asserting and maintainting politcal and economic power. Postmodernism is largely a reactioon against the general philosophical viewpoint of the 19th century enlightment….what was this viewpoint…and what criticism did postmodernism bring against it

  1. There is an objective reaity…Well, as we have seen above, the economic revolutions did not create the best of all possible worlds…and the rawmaterial it was bsed on…oil…is gone…materialism is the anser to all problems and it is not the future…Also the Holocaust saw a rational world display its true nature..reality is obviously a conceptual construct,an artifract of scientific practice and language..This applies to investigations by historians and to the practices of social scientists…
  2. Science can find the truth…postmodenistssay that truth is something that is useful for a moment in time…later we as biolgogists will say that all truth in the plant/animal sphere are tools…made by animal man and woman whose major charactieristics as an animal is the abiity to create tools…These tools…this truthlike all tools…are good if they work…, are useful at a certain time and place…Truith is tools and nothing more and must be constantly examined to see if they need updating and improving…there are Cosm,icf Truths from another sphere…but this viewpoint necessitates that man and woman accept the fact that there is consiousness in every atom…bearing truth from that sphere and such truth is therefore available to man and womanby means of the I that is within them…thsi I is Cosmic…and is ‘looking out’…that bears and makes available to them…this Cosmic truth…
  3. thruough the use of reason…humanity can get better…No indsutrial revoution represents the apex of human achievement…and it has collapsed into materialistm, massive warfare…and mass smufrer…its revolting worst exemplifies its true nature…so if we dont use reason then what..postmodernists seem to think that just covering the world with masses of words may get us somewhere….ligc seems to lead to only to human and earth destruction..
  4. reason and logc are univfesally vaid…No! They are merely conceptual constructs…we goo on to say that they are biological consructs2 sides of the brainworking togerher to create tools..
  5. there is a thing called human nature…postmodernists insist that all, or nerarly al, aspects of human psychology are completrely socially determined….We gobeyond that…human nature is a biological nature which as been hidden from all from the birth of civilizxation…
  6. language refers to andrepresents a reeality outside itself…language is not ‘mirror of naturew’…soical scientsts have jargon…fractured disciplineseach with its own methologdy…language which is self-contained, or self-referential..the meaning of words change according to the jungle of words they are associated with …meanings are functions of meanings which are funcitons of meaning..words are never really ‘there.
  7. Human b eings can acquire knowledge about natural reality…postmodenrists…reject the notion that philsoophy is talking about anything certain or ‘real’…we say that philosphy is metaphorical examination of the bdrain from the insdie out…
  8. It is possible to construct ‘grand’ theses…like those produced duringt eht 19the century…Darwinism…the great geographical hypotheses of how and when the world was born….hegal’s bgreat philsoophy…all right hemispheric triumphs….post modernists say all of this was rubbish…Derida said that such great theses were totalitarism…we say both sides of the brain are necessary for progerss…great syntheses are the right side of the brain at work…the left then attacks and makes truth out of this…than all of this repeated…this is what is missing and has been lost during the 20th centruy…

Simulacra and Simulation


associated with postmodern and poststructuralisgt theory, B is difficult to situate in relaton to tradtional and contemporary ;philosophy social theory, and an ideosyncratic cultrual metaphysics. A sharp critic of contemporary society, culture, and thoughtB is often seen as a major guru of French postmoden theory.

  1. Simulacra and Simulation ranslated by Sheila Faria Galser…1994.

Today absraction is no longer that of the map, the double, the mirror, or the concept. Simulaton is no longer that of a terriroty, a referential being, or a substance. It is the generation by models of a real without origin or reality…a hyperreal. The territory no longer precedes the map, nor does it survive it. It is nevertheless the map that precedes the territory…precession ofr simulacra…that engenders the territory, and if one must return to the fable, todahy it is the territory whose shreds slowly rot across the erxtent of themap…it is the real, and not the map, whose vestiges persist, here and there in the deserts that are no longer those of the empire, but ours…the desert of the real itelf.

In fact,k even inverted, Borges’s fable is unusaable. Only the allegory of the Empire, perhaps, remains. Because it is with this same imperialism that present=-day simulators attempt to make the real, all of the real, coincide with their models of simulation. But it is no longfer a question of either maps or territories…Something has disappeared…the soverigign difference, between one and the other, that constituted the chaarm of absgtractionj…Because it is the difference that constitutees the poetry of the amp and he charmk of the terriroty, gthe magic of gthe concept and the charm of the real. The imaginarhy of representation, which simultaneously culminates in and is engulfed by the cartographer’s map project of the coextenjsivsivity of maop and terriroty, disapeafrs in the simulation whose operation is nuclear and genetic, no longer at all specular or discursive. It is all of metaphysics that is lost. No more mirror of being and appearances..of the real and its concept.The real is made from a minituarized copy…it cn be copied innumerable tiems…it becomes what is real…

It is a question of substituting the signs of the real for the real…never again will the real have a chance to reproduce itseelf…A hyperreal henceforth sheltered from the imaginary and from any distinction between the real and the imaginaaery, leaving room only for the orbital recurrence of models and for the simulated generation of differences.To simulate is to feign to have what one does not have. One implies a presence, the other an absence…

Everywhere gthe hyperrelaismj of simulation is translated by gthe 23 hallucinagory resemblance of gthe real to itself.

Definition of a simulacrum…representation stems from the principle of the equivalence of the sign and ther real…simulation, on the contrary, stems from the utopia of the principle of equivalence…from the radical negation the sign as value……from the sign as the reversion and death sentence of every reference…

The Science of Man and Woman and Simulacra

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